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The 16-posture Simplified Form of t'ai chi ch'uan/Taijiquan, (Chinese: 太极拳; pinyin: Tàijíquán) Sun Family Style (孫氏), is a short version of Tai chi composed of sixteen movements.

History Edit

The form was the result of an effort by the Chinese Sports Committee, which, in 1956, brought together four t'ai chi teachers - Chu Guiting, Cai Longyun, Fu Zhongwen, and Zhang Yu - to create a simplified form of t'ai chi as exercise for the masses. The creators truncated the traditional family style t'ai chi forms to 24 postures ; taking about six minutes to perform and to give the beginner an introduction to the essential elements of t'ai chi ch'uan, yet retain the traditional flavor of traditional longer hand forms (in general, 88-108 postures). After the creation of that form, The chinese Government commanded the five great Schools of Taichi to create simplified 16-Steps Forms to be used as teaching tools as well as Competition forms.

Movements Edit

Commencing (Qǐshì, 起势), Preparation, Beginning

  1. Tuck in robes
  2. Open and close hands and Single Whip (Dān biān, 单鞭)
  3. Wave Hands like Clouds (Yúnshǒu, 云手)
  4. White Crane Spreads Its Wings(Báihè Lìangchì, 白鹤亮翅)
  5. Open and close hands and Single Whip (Dān biān, 单鞭)
  6. Fist Under Elbow (zhou dikanchui, 肘底捶)
  7. Step back and whirl arms
  8. Wave Hands like Clouds(Yúnshǒu, 云手)
  9. Open and close hands and Brush Knee
  10. Flash the arm
  11. Open and close hands and Single Whip (Dān biān, 单鞭)
  12. Step forward with seven-star
  13. Step backward and straddle the tiger
  14. Turn body and lotus kick
  15. Clout with both fists
  16. Combine yin and yang into one

Closing (Shōushì, 收势)

Applications Edit

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